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Publications from the PDU Winter Meeting

The PDU winter meeting has produced an abstract booklet for each meeting since 2005 and in an arrangement
with the editors AMSECT’s journal JECT, we have published selected papers, editorials and abstracts from the PDU meeting every year. These 80+ publications have been widely cited and have contributed to the international perfusion community’s understanding of clinical and scientific developments and advances in cardiopulmonary bypass and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).


These publications cover the wide range of subject matter presented at PDU over the past decade and a half
including clinical practice, quality improvement and original research.


  1. Turner L, Hardikar A, Jose MD, Bhattarai K, Fenton C, Sharma R, Kirkland G, Jeffs L, Breslin M, Silva Ragaini B, Newland RF. Acute kidney injury, stroke and death after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery: the role of perfusion flow and pressure.  Perfusion. 2021 Jan;36(1):78-86. doi: 10.1177/0267659120924919. Epub 2020 Jun 9.PMID: 32515271

  2. Willcox TW, Newland RF, Baker RA. Cardiopulmonary bypass management and acute kidney injury in 118 Jehovah's Witness patients: a retrospective propensity-matched multicentre cohort from 30,942 patients. Perfusion. 2020 Nov;35(8):833-841. doi: 10.1177/0267659120908119. Epub 2020 Feb 28. PMID: 32106764.

  3. Richard F. Newland, BSc, CCP (Aust), Robert A. Baker, PhD CCP (Aust), Richard J. Woodman, B.Sc (Hons), M.Med.Sci., PhD, M.Biostat, Mary B. Barnes, BSc (Hons), GDipMath, Timothy W. Willcox, CCP (Aust) for the Australian and New Zealand Collaborative Perfusion Registry.  Predictive Capacity of Oxygen Delivery during Cardiopulmonary Bypass on Acute Kidney Injury.  Ann Thorac Surg. 2019 DOI: 

  4. Newland RF, Baker RA, Barratt CA.  Integration of Electronic Perfusion Data for Perfusion Registries.  J Extra Corpor Technol. 2018 Jun;50(2):102-112.PMID: 29921989 Free PMC article.
  5. Newland RF, Baker RA, Barratt CA. Integration of Electronic Perfusion Data for Perfusion Registries. The Journal of extra-corporeal technology. 2018;50(2):102-12.

  6. Likosky DS, Baker RA, Newland RF, Paugh TA, Dickinson TA, Fitzgerald D, et al. Is Conventional Bypass for Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery a Misnomer? The Journal of extra-corporeal technology. 2018;50(4):225-30.

  7. Jonathon Minton, David A. Sidebotham. Hyperlactatemia and Cardiac Surgery JECT 2017;49

  8. Mitchell SJ, Merry AF Perspective on Cerebral Microemboli in Cardiac Surgery: Significant Problem or Much Ado About Nothing? JECT 2015;47:10-15

  9. Haydock MD, Kruger C, Willcox T, Haydock DA" Does Removing Mannitol and Voluven from the Priming Fluid of the Cardiopulmonary Bypass Circuit Have Clinical Effects? JECT 2014;46:77-83

  10. Likosky DS. Developing and Executing Quality Improvement Projects (concepts, methods, and evaluation)" JECT 2014;46:38-44

  11. Merry AF, Weller J, Mitchell SJ. Teamwork, Communication, Formula-One Racing and the Outcomes of Cardiac Surgery. JECT 2014;46:7-14

  12. Myles PS. Meaningful Outcome Measures in Cardiac Surgery JECT 2014;46:23-27

  13. Scott DA, Evered LA, Silbert BS" "Cardiac Surgery, the Brain, and Inflammation" JECT 2014;46:15-22

  14. Young RW. Prevention of Lung Injury in Cardiac Surgery: A Review JECT 2014;46:130-141

  15. AIlen SJ. Gastrointestinal Complications and Cardiac Surgery JECT 2014;46:142-149

  16. Tully PJ. Quality-of-Life Measures for Cardiac Surgery Practice and Research: A Review and Primer. J Extra Corpor Technol. 2013 Mar;45(1):8-15. 

  17. Durandy, Y. Vacuum-Assisted Venous Drainage, Angel or Demon: PRO? JECT 2013;45:122-127JECT 2013;45:8-15

  18. Willcox TW. Vacuum Assist: Angel or Demon CON JECT 2013;45:128-132

  19. Sidebotham D Novel Biomarkers for Cardiac Surgery-Associated Acute Kidney Injury: A Skeptical Assessment of Their Role JECT 2012;44:235-240

  20. Baker RA, Newland RF, Fenton C, McDonald M, Willcox TW, Merry AF. Developing a Benchmarking Process in Perfusion: A Report of the Perfusion Downunder Collaboration JECT 2012;44:26-33

  21. Baker RA, Merry AF. Cell Salvage Is Beneficial for All Cardiac Surgical Patients JECT 2012;44:38-41

  22. DeSomer, F. Understanding the Delicate Balance between Bleeding and Thrombosis: Can We Use It to Our Advantage? J Extra Corpor Technol. 2012 Mar; 44(1): P13–P15.

  23. DeSomer, F. The Neonatal Circuit: In Search of the Ultimate Solution JECT 2012;44:48-50Our Advantage? JECT 2012;44:13-15

  24. Edwards J, Mazzone A, Crouch G. Minimally Invasive Mitral Surgery: Dangerous to Dabble JECT 2012;44:51-54

  25. Kruger C, Sidebotham D, Brown AJ, Singh H, Merry AF Timely Bolus Insulin for Glucose Control during Cardiopulmonary Bypass JECT 2012;44:34-38

  26. Merry, AF. Campaigning for Safety JECT 2012;44:16-19

  27. Young R. Perioperative Fluid and Electrolyte Management in Cardiac Surgery: A Review JECT 2012;44:20-26

  28. Merry AF; Hamblin R More for Less: Best Patient Outcomes in a Time of Financial Restraint JECT 2012;44:178-185

  29. Sidebotham D. Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Clinical Dilemmas JECT 2012;44:256-263

  30. Tully PJ. Psychological Depression and Cardiac Surgery: A Comprehensive Review JECT 2012;44:224-232

  31. Young RW. Hyperoxia: A Review of the Risks and Benefits in Adult Cardiac Surgery JECT 2012;44:241-249

  32. McMillan D, Potger K, Southwell J Blood Management Issues: Getting Clots Together When You Want Them JECT 2011;43:52-57

  33. McMillan D, Brady P, Foot C, Levy R, Thomson A The Team Focus on Improving Blood Transfusion JECT 2011;43:65-67

  34. Merry AF. To Do or Not to Do?-How People Make Decisions JECT 2011;43:39-43

  35. Merry AF. The Professor Merry Lecture: Endings and Beginnings JECT 2011;43:17-22

  36. Poullis M. Perfusion and Aortic Surgery: Patient Directed Cardiopulmonary Bypass and Quality Improvement JECT 2011;43:68-71

  37. Poullis M. Has Microsoft -« Left Behind Risk Modeling in Cardiac Surgery? JECT 2011;43:9-Feb

  38. Sidebotham D. Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation-Understanding the Evidence: CESAR and Beyond JECT 2011;43:23-26

  39. Sidebotham D. Troubleshooting Adult ECMO JECT 2011;43:27-32

  40. Spiess BD. Critical Oxygen Delivery: The Crux of Bypass with a Special Look at the Microcirculation JECT 2011;43:16-Oct

  41. Spiess BD Human Error in Medicine: Change in Cardiac Operating Rooms through the FOCUS Initiative JECT 2011;43:33-38 

  42. Spiess BD Blood Management-Issues: The Panic of Coagulopathic Bleeding-Is There a Rational Approach? JECT 2011;43:58-64

  43. Tuble SC Perfusion Downunder Collaboration Database-Data Quality Assurance: Towards a High-Quality Clinical Database JECT 2011;43:44-51

  44. Alan F. Merry Mistakes, Misguided Moments, and Manslaughter JECT. 2009;41:P2-P6

  45. Donald S. Likosky Optimizing Multi-Center Perfusion Data JECT. 2009;41:P7-P10

  46. John M. Murkin NIRS: A Standard of Care for CPB vs. an Evolving Standard for Selective Cerebral Perfusion? JECT. 2009;41:P11-P14

  47. Paul S. Myles, Bispectral Index Monitoring in Ischemic-Hypoxic Brain Injury JECT. 2009;41:P15-P19

  48. Shigang Wang; Nikkole Haine ;Akif Undar, Quantification of Pressure-Flow Waveforms and Selection of Components for the Pulsatile Extracorporeal Circuit JECT. 2009;41:P20-P25

  49. Nikkole Haines; Shigang Wang ;Akif Undar; Tijen Alkan , MD ;Atif Akcevi, Clinical Outcomes of Pulsatile and Non-Pulsatile Mode of Perfusion JECT. 2009;41:P26-P29

  50. Donald S. Likosky An Epidemiologist's Review of the Case for Pulsatile Flow During Cardiopulmonary Bypass JECT. 2009;41:P30-P32

  51. Donald S. Likosky Forming a Research Question from a Multi-Center Database JECT. 2009;41:P33-P36

  52. Simon J. Mitchell, Lignocaine: Neuro-Protective or Wishful Thinking? JECT. 2009;41:P37-P42

  53. John M. Murkin Genetic Susceptibility to Inflammatory Injury and Various Adverse Outcomes JECT. 2009;41:P43-P49

  54. Akemi Miller; Chiajung Karen Lu; Shigang Wang; Todd M. Umstead; Willard M. Freeman; Kent Vrana; Sung Yang; John L. Myers; David S. Phelps; Jeffrey D. Zahn; Akif Undar; Pediatric Cardiopulmonary Bypass Circuits: A Review of Studies Conducted at the Penn State Pediatric Cardiac Research Laboratories JECT. 2009;41:P50-P58

  55. McMillan, Darryl, Potger Kieran, Southwell, Ambrose M, Connolly T, Louis M; Getting it Right: Optimizing Transfusion Management during the Procedure JECT 2009;41:P65 - P70

  56. Merry AF. The Ethics of Changing Practice: Do We Cross the Line? JECT 2009;41:P2-P5

  57. Merry AF. Safer Cardiac Surgery JECT 2009;41:P43-P47

  58. Poullis M. Introducing Change (Science into the Operating Room): Quality Improvement versus Experimentation JECT 2009;41:p11-p15

  59. Poullis M Exploring the Boundaries of Perfusion. Left Field: Square Tubes and Current Changes! JECT 2009;41:p21-p24

  60. Stammers AH, Trowbridge CC, Marko M, Woods EL, Brindisi N, Pezzutol, Klayman M, Fleming S, Petzold J Autologous Platelet Gel: Fad or Savoir? Do We Really Know? JECT 2009;41:p25-p30

  61. Stammers AH. Getting it Right: Optimizing the Patient and Technique for the Procedure JECT 2009;41:p59-p64

  62. Willcox TW, Mitchell SJ Microemboli in our Bypass Circuits: A Contemporary Audit JECT 2009;41:p31-p37

  63. Newland R, Baker RA, Stanley R, Place K, Willcox TW, The Perfusion Downunder Collaborative Database Project JECT 2008;40:159-165

  64. Merry A. Human Factors and the Cardiac Surgical Team: A Role for Simulation JECT 2007;39:264-266

  65. Ottens J, Baker RA, Sanderson AJ, Newland RF, Knight JL. Improving Cardiac Surgery: Does Continuous Blood Gas Monitoring Have a Role to Play? JECT 2007;39:313

  66. Pybus A, Morris R, Jacobs J A Virtual Blood Gas Electrode for Use During Cardiopulmonary Bypass JECT 2007;39:311-312

  67. Stump, D. Cannulae and Cell Saver Design: Do They Make a Difference? JECT 2007;39:267-2

  68. Stump, D. Deformable Emboli and Inflammation: Temporary or Permanent Damage? JECT 2007;39:289-290

  69. Stump, D. Twenty Years Trying to Protect the Brain: What Do We Know? JECT 2007;39:302-304

  70. Landis C Pharmacologic Strategies for Combating the lnflammatory Response JECT 2007;39:291-295

  71. DeSomer F Optimization of the Perfusion Circuit and Its Possible Impact on the Inflammatory Response JECT 2007;39:285-288

  72. DeSomer F What Is Optimal Flow and How to Validate This JECT 2007;39:278-280

  73. Grocott HP Pharmacologic Neuroprotection: The Search Continues JECT 2007;39:296-301

  74. Grocott HP Genetics and Outcome After Cardiac Surgery JECT 2006;38:49-51

  75. Preovolos AC, Mennen MT, Bilney A, Marianil, Kaye DM, Power JM Development of a Novel Perfusion Technique to Allow Targeted Delivery of Gene Therapy-The V-Focus System JECT 2006;38:51-52

  76. Merry A Thrombin Inhibitors and Cardiopulmonary Bypass JECT 2006;38:52-56

  77. Searles B Urban Myths and the ACT: What is Not True and What Really Matters When it Comes to Monitoring Anticoagulation JECT 2006;38:56-58

  78. Mitchell SJ From Trash To Leucocytes: What Are We Filtering and Why? JECT 2006;38:58-63

  79. Grocott HP Glucose and Outcome After Cardiac Surgery: What are the Issues? JECT 2006;38:65-67

  80. Varghese BS, McMillan J, McDonald M Review on the Usage of Mannitol During Cardiopulmonary Bypass JECT 2006;38:68-69

  81. Merry A Conducting Clinical Trials JECT 2006;38:71-76 

  82. Baker RA, Knight JL The OXICAB Trial: Cerebral Oximetry in Adult Cardiac Surgical Patients JECT 2006;38:77

  83. Willcox T, Chase G, Charlier JL, Place K, Clark J, Ibbott N, Hick T, van Uden R, OShea J Pericardial Suction Blood-What Are We Doing About It? JECT 2006;38:76

  84. Grocott HP. Perioperative Temperature and Cardiac Surgery JECT 2006;38:77-80 

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